Facts about Mouth Head and Neck Cancer in Ireland Today
- Over 400 cases of Mouth Head and Neck Cancer diagnosed every year in Ireland.
- 300 of these cases are Mouth Oral cancers.
- Only half of Mouth Head and Neck Cancers are diagnosed at an early stage.
- The earlier the detection the better the outcome & quality of life.
Places Head and Neck Cancer Effects
The Main Risk Factors
- Smoking and Alcohol (Both Dose Related & Synergistic)
- Chewing tobacco, quid, paan(immigrant communities)
- Diet low in fruit & vegetables increases risk of Mouth Head and Neck Cancer.
- Prolonged exposure to UV light. ( Lips, Skin)
- Human Papilloma Virus(HPV)certain strains HPV linked to cancer of tonsil and back of throat
- Exposure to certain chemicals or dusts increases risk of cancer in nasal area.
- Some cancers have genetic link.
Signs and Symptoms
- A sore or an ulcer in the mouth or lips that doesn’t heal.
- Persistent White or Red Patches on the lining of the mouth or on the tongue especially in the floor of the mouth under the tongue.
- Thickening or hardening of the cheek or tongue
- Lump in the mouth and neck (indurated – hard to touch and feel)
- Persistent sore throat, hoarse voice or difficulty speaking
- Difficultly or pain on chewing and swallowing
- Unexplained loose teeth
- Persistent pain in the face and jaw
- Numbness in the tongue and face
- Persistent nose bleeds and blocked or stuffy nose (from sinuses)
Reducing your risk
- Self-Examine Daily.
- Do not smoke and if you do, plan to quit -If you drink alcohol do so in moderation.
- Eat at least 5 portions fruit and Vegetables a day.
- Use a high SPF lip balm in the sun
- Wear mask if you work with chemicals or dusts
- Full Mouth Examination once a year with dentist even if you have no teeth or wear full dentures.